Exploring Natural Fractures and Geological Formations in Campo - Module 23

Module 23 of immersive virtual field course explores natural fractures and geological formations in Campo.

00:00:04 Module 23 of the immersive virtual field course explores natural fractures, their types, and quantification methods. It also discusses the recognition of fractures in surface and subsurface rocks.

📐 Observing and quantifying natural fractures in rock formations is complex, requiring the measurement of fracture density and differentiating between various types of fractures.

🔍 Surface and subsurface fractures can be distinguished using well imagery, and virtual outcrops provide an excellent tool for studying and estimating fracture characteristics.

🗺️ In a specific region of the basin, a different rock sequence starting with platform limestones can be observed, deviating from the usual sequence of shales and turbidites.

00:04:17 Module 23 of the immersive online course explores limestone formations and granite rocks. The limestone layers support the start of the course, while the granite shows signs of alteration and sedimentary-like properties. The course also discusses the topography of the basaltic basement.

🌍 The video discusses the geological formations in a specific location.

🗺️ There are various layers of rock, including volcanic rocks and limestone.

🔍 The limestone formations exhibit interesting structures and fossils.

00:08:31 This video discusses the geological formations and structures in a virtual course about Campo. It explores the different layers of granite and limestone and their significance in the region.

🌍 The video discusses the geological composition of a specific area and the impact of aerial flooding on the region.

🗿 Three distinct zones of granite are identified in the area, with the third zone being closer to the surface.

🌊 The video explores the relationship between limestone and high and low areas, as well as the presence of fossils indicating shallow formation.

00:12:42 In this video, we explore the fascinating structures and fractures found in the subsurface. These formations have a significant impact on the viability of the hydrocarbon reservoirs.

🔍 The video discusses the presence of fractures and cracks in the subsurface rock formation.

🌟 These fractures and cracks can serve as spaces for storing substances like hydrocarbons.

🔬 The craquelado phenomenon, characterized by small branching fractures, is also observed in the subsurface.

00:16:52 This video discusses the different mechanisms that contribute to reservoir conditions in hydrocarbon extraction, including fractures and crackling. It explains how the dominant mechanism affects well production rates.

🔑 The key points include the importance of fractures and cracking in rock reservoirs for hydrocarbon production.

⚡️ Both significant fractures and cracking contribute to the condition of a reservoir and affect well production.

💡 The combination of both fracture mechanisms results in the ideal reservoir condition, with an explosive initial production followed by stabilization.

00:21:04 Module 23 of the immersive virtual field course focuses on the Agrio formation, exploring its potential for hydrocarbon generation and highlighting the limited areas where it is currently being tested.

The video discusses the concept of the generation window and its implications for hydrocarbon exploration.

The map shows that the only area with potential for hydrocarbon generation is the northern zone.

The speaker mentions the upcoming drilling of an exploratory horizontal well in Filo Morado.

00:25:18 The video discusses the current situation of oil and gas exploration in the province and the challenges of extracting resources from the Neuquén Basin.

🗺️ The video discusses the concept of declination and explains its impact on the current state of the industry.

🛢️ The future of the industry lies in unconventional oil extraction methods, like the one used in Vaca Muerta, due to their lower cost compared to conventional methods.

🛢️💼🔑 The main challenge now is how to transport and utilize the oil and gas extracted from Vaca Muerta effectively.

Summary of a video "Curso virtual inmersivo de Campo - Módulo 23" by G.C.S Argentina on YouTube.

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