Exploring Realism and Positivism: Perspectives on Knowledge and Origins

This video explores the philosophical schools of realism and positivism, emphasizing their perspectives on knowledge and origins.

00:00:00 This video discusses the philosophical schools of realism and positivism. Realism explains the origin of things based on differentiation between what exists and what is believed to exist. Aristotle is an important representative of realism.

๐Ÿ“š Realism is a philosophical approach that aims to explain the origin of things based on what truly exists.

โš–๏ธ Realism led to a significant period in human history and was represented by important figures like Aristotle.

๐Ÿ’ก Realism argues that human intelligence has the ability to understand reality through reproduction.

00:01:03 Realism and positivism are two important philosophical concepts that involve questioning and investigating knowledge. While realism focuses on objective knowledge independent of the subject, positivism emphasizes the importance of empirical evidence.

๐Ÿ” Realism emphasizes the need for inquiry and investigation in philosophical systems.

๐Ÿค” Many people today are far from being realists as they rely more on speculation than objective perception.

โœจ Positivism is another philosophical school that asserts the importance of empirical knowledge.

00:02:08 The content discusses the concept of positivism, emphasizing the importance of scientific knowledge and rejecting other forms of knowledge. It originated in France in the 19th century and became popular among philosophers, historians, and scientists.

๐Ÿง  Positivism is a philosophy that emphasizes authentic scientific knowledge and rejects a priori notions and universal concepts.

๐ŸŒ Originating in France in the mid-19th century, positivism gained popularity throughout Europe and became the preferred way of thinking for philosophers, historians, scientists, and writers.

๐Ÿ”ฌ Auguste Comte, a French philosopher and mathematician, coined the term positivism and presented a historical view of human development through different stages.

00:03:13 The video discusses the philosophical and scientific perspectives of realism and positivism, emphasizing the exclusive role of science in obtaining knowledge about the world.

๐Ÿ” Realismo Positivismo asserts that knowledge is limited to what can be observed and denies the ability of philosophy to provide information about the world.

๐Ÿ—๏ธ Important characteristics of Realismo Positivismo include methodological monism, the use of causal explanations through universal laws, and an emphasis on inductive reasoning.

๐Ÿ”ฌ Representatives of Realismo Positivismo include French philosopher Clau de Henri de Saint Simon and English philosopher John Stuart Mill.

00:04:18 This video discusses the concepts of falsification of hypotheses and positivism in research, emphasizing the prediction of natural phenomena and the search for social phenomena causes independent of subjective states.

๐Ÿ” The goal of falsification of hypotheses is to verify them with empirical data.

๐Ÿ”ฌ Positivism focuses on predicting natural phenomena and searching for the facts or causes of social phenomena.

๐ŸŽฏ Positivists emphasize objectivity and independence from subjective states of individuals.

Summary of a video "Realismo Positivismo" by Yankely Jimenez on YouTube.

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