Principles for Effective Teaching: Insights from Dr. Susan Ambrose

Dr. Susan Ambrose shares research-based principles for effective teaching, including understanding prior knowledge, building confidence, and creating a positive classroom climate.

00:00:01 Dr. Susan Ambrose discusses her journey from graduate student to senior administrator and the research-based principles of learning she has discovered. She encourages listeners to think about how these principles resonate with them and share their own strategies.

📚 Dr. Susan Ambrose conducted research on learning and teaching.

💡 She discovered seven principles of learning that have a significant impact on student success.

🌎 These principles are widely applicable across different educational levels and have been used by educators worldwide.

00:07:06 Learning is a process that leads to change and improved performance as a result of experience. It involves understanding that learning is a process, not just a product, and that it requires lasting change. Prior knowledge is crucial as a foundation for future knowledge.

📚 Learning is a process that leads to change and increased potential for improved performance and future learning.

🧠 Learning happens in the minds of the learners, and creating conditions for engagement is crucial for effective learning.

🔑 Prior knowledge is the lens through which learners process new information and must be accurate, appropriate, sufficient, and activated.

00:14:11 Students often come into classrooms with inaccurate knowledge or use accurate knowledge inappropriately. Insufficient or inactive knowledge can also hinder learning. It is important to diagnose and address these issues to build a strong foundation for learning.

📚 Students often come into classrooms with inaccurate or inappropriate knowledge that needs to be recognized and addressed.

💡 Insufficient knowledge is when students have some accurate information but it is not enough to fully understand and apply it.

💤 Inactive knowledge is when students have accurate knowledge stored in their long-term memory but do not activate or use it.

00:21:17 Dr. Susan Ambrose discusses the importance of understanding students' prior knowledge and organizing knowledge in effective teaching practices.

🧠 Understanding students' prior knowledge and addressing any gaps is crucial for effective teaching.

🌍 Experts have organized knowledge structures that allow them to connect new information and use it fluently and flexibly.

📚 Organizing knowledge in a meaningful and integrated way helps students retain and apply information in authentic contexts.

00:28:25 Dr. Susan Ambrose discusses the impact of beliefs and perceptions on student motivation. She emphasizes the importance of building confidence through early successes and the need for intentional conversations with students. She also highlights the value of practice and feedback in developing mastery.

💡 Many girls avoid science and engineering due to a belief that they can't do math.

🔑 Motivation is influenced by students' beliefs and perceptions, and early successes can build confidence and lead to engagement in learning.

📚 Students must understand the importance of practice, targeted feedback, and mastery in order to succeed in their courses.

00:35:31 Dr. Susan Ambrose discusses the importance of conscious competence in teaching and the need to consider students as social-emotional beings. She emphasizes creating a positive classroom climate and addressing students' struggles in learning.

💡 Teaching often overlooks the steps and sub-steps involved in a subject, making it difficult for students to grasp.

🧠 Novices and experts have different levels of consciousness and competence in a subject.

🎓 Creating a supportive and inclusive learning environment is crucial for student success.

00:42:36 Dr. Susan Ambrose discusses the importance of understanding students' experiences and challenges in education. She emphasizes the need for self-directed learning and transferable skills to succeed in the workplace.

📚 Students have diverse backgrounds and responsibilities outside of the classroom that can impact their learning.

💡 Students need to become self-directed learners to succeed in the workplace.

🎓 It is important to design educational activities that help students learn self-directed learning skills early on.

Summary of a video "Dr. Susan Ambrose - Seven Research Based Principles for Smart Teaching" by PLNU Media Services on YouTube.

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