โ A recognizable language is defined as a language that can be recognized by a finite automaton.

โ Not all possible languages are recognizable; there exist non-recognizable languages.

๐ The pumping lemma is a tool used to prove that certain languages are not recognizable.

๐ The pumping lemma is used to prove that certain languages are not recognizable by finite automata.

๐ก The intuition behind the lemma is that a finite automaton needs to keep track of the number of 'a's and 'b's in a word and ensure that the number of 'b's matches the number of 'a's encountered so far.

โ ๏ธ However, since the number of 'a's is unbounded, a finite automaton would require an infinite number of states, which is not possible.

๐ There is a nine-state automaton that recognizes a certain language.

๐ If a word starts with 'n' and is followed by exactly nine 'b's, it should be accepted by the automaton.

๐ By examining the path taken by the automaton, we can see that it visits a state twice.

๐ The Pumping Lemma for recognizable languages is explained.

๐ An example is given to demonstrate the lemma's application.

โ The automaton does not recognize certain words in the language.

๐ The pumping lemma states that recognizable languages have a property where any long enough word can be divided into three parts.

โ๏ธ These three parts consist of the initial part, the part that can be repeated, and the last part that brings the word to the final state.

โ For recognizable languages, if a word is longer than a certain length, there must be a part that can be repeated, and it must still be accepted by the automaton.

๐ The video discusses the pumping lemma for recognizable languages and its key observations.

๐ One important observation is that the state 'y' is not an empty word and must be visited twice during the process.

๐ Another observation is that the combined lengths of 'x' and 'y' must be no larger than the number of states in the language.

๐ The pumping lemma states that for a recognizable language, there exists a number p such that words of length at least p can be split into three parts and the middle part can be pumped or repeated multiple times while still being part of the language.

๐ If a language does not satisfy the conditions of the pumping lemma, it is not recognizable.

๐ The pumping lemma provides a method to determine if a language is recognizable and can be applied to various languages.