Understanding Behavioral Finance: Challenging the Foundations of Economic Models

This lecture explores the concept of behavioral finance and challenges traditional economic theory.

00:00:04 In this lecture, the speaker discusses the structure of the course and the importance of weekly readings. They also mention a guest lecture by a professional in the industry.

The lecturer introduces the course and welcomes the students.

The lecturer discusses the format of the course and the importance of weekly readings.

The lecturer announces a guest lecture by a professional in the industry.

00:07:10 This lecture discusses the importance of completing assignments on time, the structure of the course, and the essay topic. It also introduces the concept of behavioral finance and the author's approach to studying economics.

โญ๏ธ The video discusses the importance of completing coursework continuously rather than leaving it for the last week, in order to learn effectively.

๐Ÿ’ฏ The essay in this course focuses on understanding the behavior of the finance sector in the economy and the causes of financial crises.

๐Ÿ“š The lecturer encourages students to think outside the textbook and be experimental in their essay by considering different models and opinions on the relationship between credit money and fiat money, and whether the government can fix the global financial crisis.

00:14:17 This lecture challenges the rationality of economics and argues for a non-mainstream approach. It discusses the University of Western Sydney's non-orthodox thinking and introduces the resources available, including a blog and YouTube channel. The speaker emphasizes the key issue of how capitalist economies transitioned into the Great Recession, attributing it to the level of private debt.

๐Ÿง  The speaker challenges traditional economic theory and argues for a non-mainstream approach.

๐Ÿ‘ฅ The University of Western Sydney has a diverse department with both Orthodox and non-Orthodox thinkers.

๐Ÿ“š The speaker mentions various resources such as a blog, YouTube channel, and software package available for learning and research.

๐Ÿ’ก The main focus is on understanding the transition from stability to the economic crisis, and the role of private debt.

00:21:22 This lecture discusses the concept of irrational behavior in economics and challenges the assumption of rationality in consumer decision-making. It highlights the dumbed-down teaching of economics and questions the foundations of economic models.

๐Ÿ“š In microeconomics, consumers maximize utility subject to a budget constraint and firms maximize profits subject to demand.

๐Ÿ’ก In finance, investors maximize returns subject to opportunities and markets reflect anticipated future cash flows.

๐Ÿค” Economists analyze actual behavior and find that the majority of people behave irrationally, questioning the definition of rationality.

00:28:27 This video discusses the concept of revealed preference and the derivation of individual demand curves. It also explores the idea of Giffen goods and the income effect versus the substitution effect.

๐ŸŒ People prefer bananas over biscuits due to higher satisfaction.

๐Ÿ” Invisible fairies theory criticized, revealed preference theory proposed as a solution.

๐Ÿ’ฐ Deriving individual's demand curve based on price and satisfaction.

โฌ‡๏ธ Explanation of Giffen goods and the income effect.

00:35:32 This lecture discusses the theory of economic behavior and the testing of consumer preferences. The speaker explains the importance of understanding individual and market demand curves and introduces the theory of revealed preference.

๐Ÿ”‘ The lecture discusses the theory of a single consumer and the process of deriving a market demand curve.

๐Ÿ“š The video emphasizes the importance of testing economic behavior based on actual choices and preferences.

๐Ÿ”ฌ The German academic, Sippel, conducted a careful experimental design to test the weak and strong axioms of revealed preference.

00:42:39 This video discusses the concept of rational behavior in economics and the findings from an experiment that challenges traditional economic theory.

๐Ÿ’ก Rational behavior in economics implies choosing the combination of goods that maximizes utility.

๐Ÿ“Š An experiment with college students revealed that a majority of them made irrational choices, raising doubts about the universality of the maximizing principle.

๐Ÿ” The measure of waste of income was used to assess the seriousness of the violations and showed a significant drop when a weighting of 0.95 was applied.

Summary of a video "Keen Behavioural Finance 2011 Lecture01 Economic Behaviour Part 1" by ProfSteveKeen on YouTube.

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